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Author (down) Ödberg, F.O. openurl 
  Title An interpretation of pawing by the horse (Equus caballus Linnaeus), displacement activity and original functions Type Journal Article
  Year 1973 Publication Säuget. Mitt. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 21 Issue 1 Pages 1-12  
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  Notes Cited By (since 1996): 6; Export Date: 21 October 2008 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4536  
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Author (down) Ödberg, F.O. doi  openurl
  Title A Study of the Hearing Ability of Horses Type Journal Article
  Year 1978 Publication Equine Veterinary Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 10 Issue 2 Pages 82-84  
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  Abstract SUMMARY The ability of 10 horses to hear frequencies between 14 and 25 Kc/s was tested. The horses appeared to perceive ultrasounds by showing either fright reactions or Pryer reflexes to all of the 12 frequencies. The highest frequencies were heard less by older animals, and elicited more reactions in geldings than in mares. RÉSUMÉ Le pouvoir auditif de 10 chevaux à entendre des fréquences comprises entre 14 et 25 kilocycles a étééprouvée. Les chevaux semblent percevoir des ultrasons en réagissant par des attitudes de frayeur ou par des réflexes de PRYER à toutes les fréquences étudiées. Les fréquences les plus élevées sont perues moins facilement par les chevaux agés et provoquèrent des réactions plus vives chez les hongres que chez les juments. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Bei 10 Pferden wurde die Fähigkeit untersucht, Frequenzen zwischen 14 und 25 Kc/sec zu hören. Die Pferde schienen Ultraschall hören zu können: sie manifestierten Angst oder Pryer-Reflexe bei allen 12 Frequenzen. Die höchsten Frequenzen konnten von älteren Tieren weniger gut wahrgenommen werden; sie riefen auch bei Wallachen stärkere Reaktionen hervor als bei Stuten.  
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  Publisher Blackwell Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2042-3306 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 5230  
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Author (down) Ödberg, F. pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title History of schooling and its relation with conditioning laws and welfare Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication Proceedings of the 2. International Equine Science Meeting Abbreviated Journal Proc. 2. Int. Equine. Sci. Mtg  
  Volume in press Issue Pages  
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  Abstract While writings from the Hittite Kikkuli and the Greek hippiatrica concerned stamina training and mainly veterinary aspects, the first explicit writings left about schooling are from the hand of Xenophon. He showed already a plight to understand the horse’s behaviour and apply an animal-friendly schooling. What happened in Roman times and early middle ages is unclear through a lack of documents. Literature increased in late middle ages (a few Iberic authors and the Italian Rusius) but remained scarce. One presumes knights were brutal because of the strength of bits and spurs, but iconography shows also horses ridden without coercion. Linear progress in schooling cannot be found before the transition between the renaissance and baroque periods. Writings from renaissance masters such as Grisone, Fiaschi, Pignatelli and de la Broue, show a generally violent way of schooling (excepted Conte and Pavari) strangely contrasting with appeals for kindness. One then observes from the 17th century authors to the 18th century baroque masters a gradual improvement concerning important aspects: evolving 1/ from anthropomorphism to understanding horse behaviour, and 2/ from coercion to obtaining gradually suppleness and applying the laws of physics concerning weight distribution. Many baroque and early 19th century masters had understood intuitively conditioning laws discovered scientifically in the 20th century by the Pavlovians and behaviourists. The essence of schooling was settled in the baroque period. It subsided unfortunately in the 19th (with better survival in Germany, Austria and Iberic countries) because of a/ more interest for racing and hunting, b/ the French revolution that closed academies and c/ mass army training. Pressure of competition in the 20th nearly eradicated academic tradition. In the second part we translate some fundamental riding principles into scientific terminology. “Independence of aids” is based on discrimination of stimuli and overshadowing. “Discretion of aids” on generalization and second-order conditioning. “Descente de mains et de jambes” on avoidance of habituation, of confusion, and of the impossibility to apply negative reward. “Legs without hands, hands without legs” on avoidance of experimental neurosis due to contradictory stimuli. Time permitting, processes such as positive social modelling and occasion setting will be explained. The above mentioned principles are rarely applied nowadays. The FEI holds a large responsibility in the acceptance, even institutionalizing, of a probably animal-unfriendly riding. It is also shameful that some schools, that for years, or even centuries, were the guardians of old principles, are relinquishing them under commercial pressure. All too often, modern riding is obviously animal-unfriendly for the intuitive rider. Scientists however seek facts. Frequency of conflict behaviours is an indicator at ethological level. However, some horses could be in learned helplessness. There is no litmus test for that (except complicated avoidance learning procedures). There is a need for physiological stress parameters according to breed, age, sex. Horses schooled according to different philosophies are often from different breeds making matched-pairs studies difficult. The important role of pre- and postnatal experience complicates precise scientific evaluation in everyday equine practice. One cannot standardize ontogeny in horses as in laboratory animals. Keywords: academic riding principles, history, learning theory, welfare KW -  
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  Corporate Author Odberg, F. Thesis  
  Publisher Xenophon Publishing Place of Publication Wald Editor Krueger, K.  
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  ISSN ISBN 978-3-9808134-26 Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 5532  
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Author (down) Ödberg Fo, openurl 
  Title Bijdrage tot de Studie der Gedragenen van het paard (E. caballus L.) Type Diss
  Year 1969 Publication Abbreviated Journal Diplomarbeit Gent  
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  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1425  
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Author (down) Ödberg Fo, openurl 
  Title An interpretation of pawing by the horse, displacement activity and original functions Type Journal Article
  Year 1973 Publication Abbreviated Journal Säugetierk Mitt  
  Volume 21 Issue Pages 1-12  
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  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1426  
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Author (down) Ödberg Fo, openurl 
  Title L'éthologie: Son passé et son development actuel Type Journal Article
  Year 1973 Publication Abbreviated Journal Zoo  
  Volume 38 Issue Pages 208-213  
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  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1427  
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Author (down) Ödberg Fo, openurl 
  Title A study on eliminative and grazing behaviour – the use of the field by captive horses Type Journal Article
  Year 1976 Publication Abbreviated Journal Equine Vet J  
  Volume 8 Issue Pages 147-149  
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  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1428  
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Author (down) Ödberg Fo, openurl 
  Title Studies on the formation of ungrazed eleminative areas in fields used by horses Type Journal Article
  Year 1977 Publication Abbreviated Journal Appl Anim Ethol  
  Volume 3 Issue Pages 27-34  
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  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1429  
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Author (down) [No authors listed] doi  openurl
  Title African horse sickness--a serious disease Type News
  Year 2006 Publication Australian Veterinary Journal Abbreviated Journal Aust Vet J  
  Volume 84 Issue 5 Pages N24-5  
  Keywords *African Horse Sickness/epidemiology/pathology/prevention & control/transmission; African horse sickness virus/pathogenicity; Animals; Australia/epidemiology; Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control/veterinary; *Equidae; Horses; Vaccination/veterinary  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0005-0423 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes PMID:16739521 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2356  
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Author (down) [No authors listed] openurl 
  Title International Conference on Environmental Cadmium: an overview Type Conference Article
  Year 1979 Publication Environmental Health Perspectives Abbreviated Journal Environ Health Perspect  
  Volume 28 Issue Pages 297-30  
  Keywords Animals; Cadmium/*toxicity; Cadmium Poisoning/metabolism; Congresses; Ecology; Environmental Exposure; Environmental Pollutants/*toxicity; Female; Forecasting; Haplorhini; Horses; Humans; Rats; Waste Disposal, Fluid  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0091-6765 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:39745 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2694  
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