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Author (up) Dunbar, K.; MacLeod, C.M.
Title A horse race of a different color: Stroop interference patterns with transformed words Type Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance Abbreviated Journal J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform
Volume 10 Issue 5 Pages 622-639
Keywords *Attention; *Color Perception; Discrimination Learning; Humans; Orientation; Reaction Time; Reading; *Semantics
Abstract Four experiments investigated Stroop interference using geometrically transformed words. Over experiments, reading was made increasingly difficult by manipulating orientation uncertainty and the number of noncolor words. As a consequence, time to read color words aloud increased dramatically. Yet, even when reading a color word was considerably slower than naming the color of ink in which the word was printed, Stroop interference persisted virtually unaltered. This result is incompatible with the simple horse race model widely used to explain color-word interference. When reading became extremely slow, a reversed Stroop effect--interference in reading the word due to an incongruent ink color--appeared for one transformation together with the standard Stroop interference. Whether or not the concept of automaticity is invoked, relative speed of processing the word versus the color does not provide an adequate overall explanation of the Stroop phenomenon.
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Language English Summary Language Original Title
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0096-1523 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:6238123 Approved no
Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4065
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Author (up) DUNCAN P et al,
Title Reduction of inbreeding in a natural herd of horses Type Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication Abbreviated Journal Anim Beh av
Volume 32 Issue Pages 520-527
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Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no
Call Number Serial 1034
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Author (up) DUNCAN P et al,
Title On lactation and associated behaviour in natural herd of horses Type Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication Anim Behav Abbreviated Journal Hans Klingels Equine Reference List
Volume 32 Issue Pages 255-263
Keywords
Abstract Developmental changes in time spent suckling and related mother-foal behaviour are described in an unmanaged herd of Camargue horses. Male foals spent about 40% more time suckling than females during the first 8 weeks. Body weight did not differ between the sexes but time-budgets did: males grazed less and were more active. If pregnant, the typical multiparous mare nursed her foals for 3540 weeks, males and females alike, and weaned them 15 weeks before the next foaling. Primiparae lactated longer and weaned closer to the next foaling by 5 weeks. The mares played an active role in regulating the time spent suckling in early, and particularly in late lactation.
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Notes from Prof. Approved no
Call Number Serial 1033
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Author (up) Eisenmann V,
Title Sur quelques caractères adaptatifs du squelette d`Equus et leurs implications paléoécologiques Bull Type Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication Abbreviated Journal Bull Mus natn Hist nat Paris
Volume 6 Issue Pages 185-195
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Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no
Call Number Serial 1054
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Author (up) Eisenmann V, G.C.
Title Morphologie fonctionelle et environnement chez les périssodactyles. Type Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication Abbreviated Journal Geobios, Mém sp
Volume 8 Issue Pages 69
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Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no
Call Number Serial 1061
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Author (up) Epstein H,
Title Ass, mule and onager Type Book Chapter
Year 1984 Publication In Manson: Evolution of domesticatd animals. Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 174-184
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Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no
Call Number Serial 1072
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Author (up) HIGUCHI R et al,
Title DNA sequences from the quagga, an extinct member of the horse family Type Book Whole
Year 1984 Publication Macmillan J. Ltd Abbreviated Journal
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Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no
Call Number Serial 1183
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Author (up) Kacelnik, A.; Houston, A.I.
Title Some effects of energy costs on foraging strategies Type Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication Animal Behaviour. Abbreviated Journal Anim. Behav.
Volume 32 Issue 2 Pages 609-614
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Abstract We consider the effect of including energy costs on the optimal strategy for animals exploiting a depleting food resource. In the context of central place foraging this leads to the problem of what load size should be brought back to the central place. Two strategies are discussed: (i) maximize gross rate of energy delivery and (ii) maximize net rate of energy delivery. The optimal load size (or optimal patch time) for net maximizers is not always larger than for gross maximizers, as has been claimed. Instead, the difference in optimal load size has the same sign as the difference between metabolic rates of travelling and foraging. We point out that the influence of costs has not always been correctly incorporated in experimental tests of the theory.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number Serial 2122
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Author (up) KASEDA Y et al,
Title Separation and independence of offsprings from the harem groups in Misaki horses Type Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication Abbreviated Journal Jap J Zootechn Sci
Volume 55 Issue Pages 852-857
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Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no
Call Number Serial 1242
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Author (up) Keiper, R.; Houpt, K.
Title Reproduction in feral horses: an eight-year study Type Journal Article
Year 1984 Publication American journal of veterinary research Abbreviated Journal Am J Vet Res
Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 991-995
Keywords Abortion, Veterinary/epidemiology; Anestrus; Animal Population Groups/*physiology; Animals; Animals, Wild/*physiology; Birth Rate; Female; Fertility; Horse Diseases/epidemiology; Horses/*physiology; Lactation; Male; Maryland; Pregnancy; *Reproduction; Seasons; Sex Ratio; Virginia
Abstract The reproductive rate and foal survival of the free-ranging ponies on Assateague Island National Seashore were studied for 8 years, 1975 to 1982. Most (52%) of the 86 foals were born in May, 13% were born in April, 22.6% in June, 10.4% in July, and less than 1% in August and September. The mean foaling rate was 57.1 +/- 3.9% and the survival rate was 88.3 +/- 3.6%. Forty-eight colts and 55 fillies were born (sex ratio 53% female). Mares less than 3 years old did not foal and the foaling rate of 3-year-old mares was only 23%, that of 4-year-old mares was 46%, that of 5-year-old mares was 53%, and 6-year-old mares was 69%. The relatively poor reproduction rate was believed to be a consequence of the stress of lactating while carrying a foal when forage quality on the island was low. The hypothesis was supported by the higher reproductive rate (74.4 +/- 2.4%) of the ponies in the Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge on the southern part of the island. Their foals are weaned and sold in July each year. Despite the low reproductive rate on Assateague Island National Seashore , the number of ponies increased from 43 to 80, a 90% increase in the 8-year period or greater than 10%/yr. There were 24 deaths and 8 dispersals from the study area.
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
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ISSN 0002-9645 ISBN Medium
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Notes PMID:6732036 Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 665
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