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Author QUINN JH openurl 
  Title Miocene Equidae of the Texas Gulf coatal plain. Type Journal Article
  Year 1955 Publication Abbreviated Journal Univ Texas Publ  
  Volume (down) 5516 Issue Pages 78-82  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1484  
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Author Sigurjonsdottir, H.;Thorhallsdottir, A.; Hafthorsdottir, H.; Granquist S. doi  openurl
  Title The Behaviour of Stallions in a Semiferal Herd in Iceland: Time Budgets, Home Ranges, and Interactions Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication International Journal of Zoology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume (down) 2012 Issue Article ID 162982 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A permanent herd of Icelandic horses with four stallions and their harems was studied for a total of 316 hours in a large pasture (215 ha) in May 2007 in Iceland. Interactions between stallions of different harems and other aspects of the horses' behaviour were studied. One stallion and nine horses were introduced into the pasture prior to the study to examine the reactions of the resident stallions to a newcomer. The stallions spent significantly less time grazing than other horses and were more vigilant. Home ranges overlapped, but harems never mixed. The stallions prevented interactions between members of different harems indirectly by herding. Generally, interactions between resident stallions were nonviolent. However, encounters with the introduced stallion were more aggressive and more frequent than between the other stallions. Here, we show that four harems can share the same enclosure peacefully. The social network seems to keep aggression at a low level both within the harems and the herd as a whole. We encourage horse owners to consider the feasibility of keeping their horses in large groups because of low aggression and because such a strategy gives the young horses good opportunities to develop normally, both physically and socially.  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 5823  
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Author Corr, J.A. doi  openurl
  Title Nuns and monkeys: investigating the behavior of our oldest old Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Science of Aging Knowledge Environment : SAGE KE Abbreviated Journal Sci Aging Knowledge Environ  
  Volume (down) 2004 Issue 41 Pages pe38  
  Keywords Aged; Aged, 80 and over/*physiology; Aging/*physiology; Animals; Behavior/*physiology; Humans; Macaca mulatta  
  Abstract The use of nonhuman primates, particularly rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta), as the best model for human physiological and cognitive aging is broadly accepted. Studies employing nonhuman primates to investigate behavioral changes that may occur with increasing age, however, are not common mostly because of the unavailability of appropriate subjects. Recent longitudinal human studies suggest that individual personality might play a large role in aging “successfully” and in the retention of high levels of cognition into old age. As a result of the demographic trend of increasing numbers of aged monkeys and apes in captivity, an opportunity exists to further investigate behavioral aging using the monkey model.  
  Address Department of Anthropology, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI 49401, USA. corrj@gvsu.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1539-6150 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:15483334 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2828  
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Author Hedman, J. url  openurl
  Title Heart rate response towards fear-eliciting stimuli in horses Type Manuscript
  Year 2003 Publication Sveriges lantbruksuniversitetSveriges lantbruksuniversitet Veterinärprogrammet Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume (down) 2004 Issue 40 Pages  
  Keywords horse, fear, heart-rate, novel stimuli  
  Abstract Finding the right horse for each rider is a difficult task as it is just as important that the temperament of the horse fits the rider as it is that the horse is of the right size. Even though it is a commonly experienced problem, no objective method of easily measuring the horse“s temperament has yet been developed. If it is possible to test horses and get an objective measure of how reactive (emotional) they are, it could be a big help in finding the right horse for each rider. It would be desirable to have a way of testing the horse”s reaction in an unfamiliar (and potentially frightening) situation. In practice this test should be just as easy as it is getting a judgement of its conformation and gaits.

The aim of the present study was to measure individual variation in HR response to different novel objects in horses of the same age, breed and reared in the same environment. We wanted to see whether certain horses (i.e. more emotional horses) react more to novel stimuli, in general, than other horses (i.e. less emotional), irrespective of the type of stimulus. We also wanted to see if different novel stimuli elicited different responses within individuals. The hypothesis was that individuals will react in a similar way to various stimuli.

Twenty four Danish warmblood horses were included in this study. All horses were 2 year-old stallions, reared under similar environmental conditions. They had received a minimum of handling prior to the experimental period. Three different stimuli were used. They were chosen because they were novel to the horses and would elicit measurable fear-reactions in all horses, but not so much that the horses did not approach the feed within the duration of the test. The visual stimulus consisted of a 1meter high orange traffic cone with reflex stripes, placed 1 m in front of the tub, the olfactory stimulus was eucalyptus oil and the auditory stimulus was a radio tuned to white noise. The control was an empty arena.

The result was that only the HR response to the auditory and visual stimuli differed significantly from the control days. The olfactory stimulus did not seem to alarm the horses the way the other stimuli did. We found a tendency towards a correlation in reaction between the olfactory and auditory stimuli and between the auditory and visual stimuli within individuals. These results indicate that horses do not generalize completely in their reaction between different stimuli.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Bachelor's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Dept. of Animal Environment and Health, SLU. Examensarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Veterinä Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1650-7045 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4652  
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Author Bouman, I. openurl 
  Title The future of the Przewalski horses at Hustai National Park Type Journal Article
  Year Publication Przewalski Horse Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume (down) 2001 Issue 48 Pages 28-38  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2242  
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Author Bos, H openurl 
  Title Body condition scoring in free living Przewalski horses Type Conference Article
  Year Publication The International Symposium of the Przewalski Horse Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume (down) 1999 Issue Pages  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Askania Nova Editor  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2240  
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Author BOURDELLE E openurl 
  Title La distribution geographique des equides actuels. Type Journal Article
  Year 1949 Publication Abbreviated Journal 3.Intern Zool Kongr  
  Volume (down) 1948 Issue Pages 383-387  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Paris Editor  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 962  
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Author Zeeb, K. ; Schnitzter, U. url  openurl
  Title Equus caballus (Equidae) – Ruheverhalten, Hinlegen und Aufstehen Type Journal Article
  Year 1978 Publication Encyclopedia Cinematographica Abbreviated Journal E.C.  
  Volume (down) Film E 1620 des IWF Begleittext Issue Pages  
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  Abstract Equus caballus (Equidae)-Behaviour at Rest, Lying down and Rising. The film shows the
behaviour at rest of the primitive horses of the Duke of Croy at DulmenNestphalia. With
the aid of several individual animals, complete relaxation, reclining and rising are shown.
 
  Address  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0073-8417 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved yes  
  Call Number Serial 1745  
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Author Rosa, P.A.J.; Azevedo, A.M.; Aires-Barros, M.R. doi  openurl
  Title Application of central composite design to the optimisation of aqueous two-phase extraction of human antibodies Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Journal of Chromatography. A Abbreviated Journal J Chromatogr A  
  Volume (down) 1141 Issue 1 Pages 50-60  
  Keywords Analysis of Variance; Animals; Antibodies/*chemistry/*isolation & purification; Buffers; Chemical Fractionation/*methods; Horses; Humans; Hydrophobicity; Isoelectric Point; Models, Biological; Molecular Weight; Myoglobin/chemistry/isolation & purification; Osmolar Concentration; Phase Transition; Polyethylene Glycols; Serum Albumin/chemistry/isolation & purification; Sodium Chloride  
  Abstract The partition of human antibodies in aqueous two-phase systems (ATPSs) of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and phosphate was systematically studied using first pure proteins systems and then an artificial mixture of proteins containing 1mg/ml human immunoglobulin G (IgG), 10mg/ml serum albumin and 2mg/ml myoglobin. Preliminary results obtained using pure proteins systems indicated that the PEG molecular weight and concentration, the pH value and the salts concentration had a pronounced effect on the partitioning behaviour of all proteins. For high ionic strengths and pH values higher than the isoelectric point (pI) of the contaminant proteins, IgG could be selectively recovered on the top phase. According to these results, a face centred composite design was performed in order to optimise the purification of IgG from the mixture of proteins. The optimal conditions for the isolation of IgG were observed for high concentrations of NaCl and low concentrations of both phase forming components. The best purification was achieved using an ATPS containing 8% (w/w) PEG 3350, 10% (w/w) phosphate pH 6 and 15% (w/w) NaCl. A recovery yield of 101+/-7%, a purity of 99+/-0% and a yield of native IgG of 97+/-4% were obtained. Back extraction studies of IgG to a new phosphate phase were performed and higher yields were obtained using 10% phosphate buffer at pH 6. The total extraction yield was 76% and the purity 100%.  
  Address IBB Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre for Biological and Chemical Engineering, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0021-9673 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:17196214 Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1842  
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Author Steinhoff, H.J.; Schrader, J.; Schlitter, J. openurl 
  Title Temperature-jump studies and polarized absorption spectroscopy of methemoglobin-thiocyanate single crystals Type Journal Article
  Year 1992 Publication Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Abbreviated Journal Biochim Biophys Acta  
  Volume (down) 1121 Issue 3 Pages 269-278  
  Keywords Animals; Crystallization; Horses; Kinetics; Methemoglobin/*chemistry; Solutions; Spectrum Analysis; Temperature; Thiocyanates/*chemistry  
  Abstract Association equilibria and association kinetics of the thiocyanate binding reaction to methemoglobin in single crystals and solution are studied using temperature-jump technique and polarized absorption spectroscopy. Different kinetic constants are found for the reaction in solution and crystal phase for the alpha- and beta-subunits of the methemoglobin tetramer. The reduction of the reactivity of the alpha- and beta-subunits in crystalline phase is 6-fold and 2.4-fold, respectively, compared to the values found in solution. The intramolecular binding reaction of the N epsilon of the distal histidine E7 which is observed in methemoglobin in solution cannot be detected in single crystals. Our results suggest that crystallization of hemoglobin has little influence on small-scale structural fluctuations which are necessary for ligands to get to the binding sites and large-scale structural motions are suppressed.  
  Address Institut fur Biophysik, Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0006-3002 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:1627604 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 3800  
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