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Author Kis, A.; Huber, L.; Wilkinson, A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Social learning by imitation in a reptile (Pogona vitticeps) Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Animal Cognition Abbreviated Journal Anim.Cogn.  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 325-331  
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  Abstract The ability to learn through imitation is thought to be the basis of cultural transmission and was long considered a distinctive characteristic of humans. There is now evidence that both mammals and birds are capable of imitation. However, nothing is known about these abilities in the third amniotic class--reptiles. Here, we use a bidirectional control procedure to show that a reptile species, the bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps), is capable of social learning that cannot be explained by simple mechanisms such as local enhancement or goal emulation. Subjects in the experimental group opened a trap door to the side that had been demonstrated, while subjects in the ghost control group, who observed the door move without the intervention of a conspecific, were unsuccessful. This, together with differences in behaviour between experimental and control groups, provides compelling evidence that reptiles possess cognitive abilities that are comparable to those observed in mammals and birds and suggests that learning by imitation is likely to be based on ancient mechanisms.  
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  ISSN 1435-9456 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Kis2015 Serial 6193  
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Author Brust, V.; Guenther, A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Domestication effects on behavioural traits and learning performance: comparing wild cavies to guinea pigs Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Animal Cognition Abbreviated Journal Anim. Cogn.  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 99-109  
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  Abstract The domestication process leads to a change in behavioural traits, usually towards individuals that are less attentive to changes in their environment and less aggressive. Empirical evidence for a difference in cognitive performance, however, is scarce. Recently, a functional linkage between an individual's behaviour and cognitive performance has been proposed in the framework of animal personalities via a shared risk-reward trade-off. Following this assumption, bolder and more aggressive animals (usually the wild form) should learn faster. Differences in behaviour may arise during ontogeny due to individual experiences or represent adaptations that occurred over the course of evolution. Both might singly or taken together account for differences in cognitive performance between wild and domestic lineages. To test for such possible linkages, we compared wild cavies and domestic guinea pigs, both kept in a university stock for more than 30 years under highly comparable conditions. Animals were tested in three behavioural tests as well as for initial and reversal learning performance. Guinea pigs were less bold and aggressive than their wild congeners, but learnt an association faster. Additionally, the personality structure was altered during the domestication process. The most likely explanation for these findings is that a shift in behavioural traits and their connectivity led to an altered cognitive performance. A functional linkage between behavioural and cognitive traits seems to exist in the proposed way only under natural selection, but not in animals that have been selected artificially over centuries.  
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  ISSN 1435-9456 ISBN Medium  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Brust2015 Serial 6194  
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Author Gabor, V.; Gerken, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Shetland ponies (Equus caballus) show quantity discrimination in a matching-to-sample design Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Animal Cognition Abbreviated Journal Anim. Cogn.  
  Volume 17 Issue 6 Pages 1233-1243  
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  Abstract Numerical competence is one of the aspects of animal cognition with a long history of research interest, but few results are available for the horse. In the present study, we investigated the ability of three Shetland ponies to discriminate between different quantities of geometric symbols presented on a computer screen in a matching-to-sample arrangement. In Experiment 1, the ponies had to relate two similar quantities to another, paired in contrasts (1 vs. 2, 3 vs. 4 and 4 vs. 5) of the same stimulus (dot). Specific pairs of quantities (all differing by one) of up to five different geometrical symbols were displayed in Experiment 2. In each session, both quantities (more and less) were used as sample in such a way that each of the two quantities presented in one test served as positive and as negative stimulus, respectively. The three Shetland ponies were able to discriminate between the given quantities of dots by showing more than 80 % correct responses in two consecutive sessions. Only one of the ponies distinguished different shapes of geometric symbols at a level of 4 versus 5 items. The results show that all ponies were capable of visual quantity discrimination in the present matching-to-sample design, but task solving seemed more difficult when quantities were composed of heterogeneous stimuli. The present results confirm our hypothesis that the ponies based their decision on the matching concept of sameness and were not biased by a spontaneous preference for higher quantities.  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Gabor2014 Serial 6174  
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Author Range, F.; Möslinger, H.; Virányi, Z. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Domestication has not affected the understanding of means-end connections in dogs Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Anim Cogn Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 15 Issue Pages  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Range2012 Serial 6322  
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Author Pérez-Barbería, F.J.; Gordon, I.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Gregariousness increases brain size in ungulates Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Oecologia Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 145 Issue Pages  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Pérez-Barbería2005 Serial 6258  
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Author Kruska, D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Mammalian domestication and its effect on brain structure and behavior Type Book Chapter
  Year 1988 Publication Intelligence and Evolutionary Biology Abbreviated Journal  
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  Publisher Springer-Verlag Place of Publication New York Editor Jerison, H.J.; Jerison, I.  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Kruska1988 Serial 6232  
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Author Aldezabal, A.; Garin, I. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Browsing preference of feral goats (Capra hircus L.) in a Mediterranean mountain scrubland Type Journal Article
  Year 2000 Publication J Arid Env Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 44 Issue Pages  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Aldezabal2000 Serial 6256  
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Author McComb, K.; Moss, C.; Sayialel, S.; Baker, L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Unusually extensive networks of vocal recognition in African elephants Type Journal Article
  Year 2000 Publication Anim Behav Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 59 Issue Pages  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ McComb2000 Serial 6281  
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Author Van Horik, J.; Emery, N. url  doi
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  Title Evolution of cognition Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2 Issue Pages  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Van Horik2011 Serial 6230  
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Author Kwang Ng Aik; Rodrigues Daphne url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Big-Five Personality Profile of the Adaptor and Innovator Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication The Journal of Creative Behavior Abbreviated Journal J. Creativ. Behav.  
  Volume 36 Issue 4 Pages 254-268  
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  Abstract This study explored the relationship between two creative styles (adaptor and innovator) and the Big Five personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience). 164 teachers from 3 secondary and 2 primary schools in Singapore completed a self?report questionnaire, which consisted of the Kirton Adaption?Innovation Inventory and the NEO?Five Factor Inventory. It was found that adaptors were significantly more conscientious than innovators, while innovators were significantly more extraverted and open to experience than adaptors. No significant differences were found between adaptors and innovators in neuroticism and agreeableness. The study also revealed a meaningful pattern of relationships between the Big Five personality traits and the three facet scales of the KAI. Specifically, Sufficiency of Originality was negatively correlated with Openness to Experience and Extraversion; Rule Governance was positively correlated with conscientiousness but negatively correlated with openness to experience; Efficiency was positively correlated with conscientiousness. The overall findings supported the fundamental contention that different creative styles were due to different combinations of personality traits, with adaptors being more conscientious, while innovators being more extraverted and open to experience. These personality?based differences in creative styles between adaptors and innovators had resulted in much social conflict between them. One way of resolving it is to make known the nature and value of different creative styles to these two different types of creators.  
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  Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Place of Publication Editor  
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  ISSN 0022-0175 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes doi: 10.1002/j.2162-6057.2002.tb01068.x Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 6384  
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