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Author Smith, W.J. url  isbn
openurl 
  Title Cognitive Implications of an Information-sharing Model of Animal Communication Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 1998 Publication Animal Cognition in Nature Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 227-243  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Summary In social communication, one animal signals and another responds. Several cognitive steps are involved as the second animal selects its responses; these steps can be described as follows in terms of an informational model. First, the responding individual must evaluate the information made available by the signaling on the basis of other information, available from sources contextual to the signal. Second, the respondent must fit all of the relevant information into patterns generated from recall of past events (conscious recall is not generally required; pattern fitting is a fundamental skill). Third, conditional predictions must be made; and fourth, the individual must test and modify any of these predictions for which significant consequences exist. Many vertebrate animals appear to respond to signaling with considerable flexibility. Communicative events are thus complex but are by no means intractable. Indeed, communication provides us with excellent opportunities to investigate animal cognition.  
  Address  
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  Publisher Academic Press Place of Publication London Editor Russell P. Balda; Irene M. Pepperberg; Alan C. Kamil  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 9780120770304 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2914  
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Author Beer, C.G. url  isbn
openurl 
  Title Varying Views of Animal and Human Cognition Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 1998 Publication Animal Cognition in Nature Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 435-456  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Summary In this chapter I want to stand back from the splendid empirical work on animal cognitive capacities that is the focus of this book, and look at the broader context of cognitive concerns within which the work can be viewed. Indeed even the term `cognitive ethology' currently connotes and denotes more than is represented here, as other collections of articles, such as and , exemplify. I include the current descendants of behavioristic learning theory, evolutionary epistemology, evolutionary psychology and the recent comparative turn that has been taken in cognitive science. These several approaches, despite their considerable overlap, often appear independent and even ignorant of one another. Like the proverbial blind men feeling the hide of an elephant, they touch hands from time to time, yet collectively have only a piecemeal and distributed understanding of the shape of the whole. Although each approach may indeed need the space to work out its own conceptual and methodological preoccupations without confounding interference from other views, a utopian spirit envisages an ultimate coming together, a more comprehensive realization of the synthetic approach to animal cognition that is this book's theme.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Academic Press Place of Publication London Editor Russell P. Balda; Irene M. Pepperberg; Alan C. Kamil  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 9780120770304 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2915  
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Author Pain, S. doi  openurl
  Title Inner Representations and Signs in Animals Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 2007 Publication Introduction to Biosemiotics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 409-455  
  Keywords  
  Abstract At the beginning of the twentieth century, behaviourists like John B. Watson (1878-1958) changed the focus of attention from the inside of the brain (mentalism and introspection then being the main trend in psychology at the time) to the outside (Watson, 1913). They believed that we could learn nearly everything about animals and humans by studying their performance in learning experiments, and this was both measurable and verifiable. Today in the first decade of the twenty-first century, there has been a return to the inside. The neurosciences seek physiological explanations and connections between external behaviour and the neural mechanisms within the nervous system. With the revolution in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology researchers are now able to visually represent neural activity. Other researchers have developed mathematical models and programs to visualise the patterns created in the periphery prior to central integration The author in this paper would like to distinguish these descriptive forms of representation from actual representations, i.e., those of which the animal is actually aware or conscious. Why does an animal sometimes make perceptual mistakes? (Case Study I “The Turtle and the Plastic Bag”). Is there more to dispositions? (Case Study II: “Taking Representation for a Walk. Argos and the Fake Daniel Dennett”). How is prey represented to an animal? (Case Study III “Representation of Prey in the Jellyfish/Herring Predator-Prey Dyad”). Does a simple animal feel pain or suffer? (Case Study IV: A Can of Worms. The Earthworm as Bait) It will be argued on the basis of contemporary biosemiotic research that animals (including both vertebrates and invertebrates) represent environmental information internally, and these representations can be subdivided into i.) primary or peripheral representation and ii.) central representation which are quantitative and qualitative respectively. Sensory information is conveyed via signals, these are received as stimuli then transduced into internal signals (see Theoretical Framework). At this stage the animal is not aware of the quality of the information as it has not yet been integrated or processed in a ganglionic complex. One can describe the properties of this pre-integrated information as quantitative and syntactical i.e., spatial and temporal ordering of incoming signals and their relations. The sign which is the smallest unit of qualitative representation arises only after integration of information from two or more discrete sensory modalities. These findings have repercussions for current models of animal learning and behaviour, especially in lower invertebrates (the principal subject of this paper); they also challenge the development of robots based on so-called simple systems  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 3102  
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Author Scheumann, M.; Rabesandratana, A.; Zimmermann, E. doi  openurl
  Title Predation, Communication, and Cognition in Lemurs Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 2007 Publication Primate Anti-Predator Strategies Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 100-126  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Predation represents an important selective force shaping the evolution of primate behavior. Primates confronted with predators have evolved various strategies to minimize the probability of being eaten. Predation risk and hunting styles of predators should have selected for communicative and cognitive abilities linked to socioecology and life history. As studies on several socially cohesive mammals indicate, the study of anti-predator behavior represents an important tool for gaining insight into cognition, e.g., to understand how animals classify objects and events in the world around them (e.g., marmots: Blumstein, 1999; vervet monkeys: Seyfarth et al., 1980; Diana monkeys: Zuberbhler, 2000; suricates: Manser et al., 2002).  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 3103  
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Author Houpt, K.A. openurl 
  Title Learning in horses. Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 1995 Publication The thinking horse. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 12-17  
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  Publisher Equine Research Centre Place of Publication Guelph, Canada Editor  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 3585  
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Author unknown url  openurl
  Title Horse – Perception – Vision Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
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  Abstract Horses have been described as being among the
most perceptive of animals.1 By studying the
sensory perception of horses, we gain valuable
insights into their behavior. The differences
between human and equine perceptions of the
external environment can be explained by the
differences in their sensory structures. The horses
adept perception has allowed it to be constantly
aware of changes occurring in its surroundings
and has played a pivotal role in the success of this
species. An appreciation and understanding of
the horses well-developed sensory system are
valuable tools, particularly when attempting to
understand distinctive aspects of equine behavior.
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 3645  
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Author Wingfield, J. C.,; Ramenofsky, M. openurl 
  Title Hormones and the behavioral ecology of stress. Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 1999 Publication Stress physiology in animals. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-51  
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  Publisher Sheffield Academic Press Place of Publication Sheffield, United Kingdom Editor Balm, P. H. M.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4071  
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Author Laland, K. N.; Richerson, P. J.; Boyd, R. openurl 
  Title Developing a theory of animal social learning. Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 1996 Publication Social learning in animals: the roots of culture. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 129-154  
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  Publisher Academic Press Place of Publication San Diego, California Editor Heyes, C. M.;Galef,B. G. J.  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ home Serial 4093  
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Author Tomasello, M. ; Call, J. openurl 
  Title Do chimpanzees know what others see ? or only what they are looking at? Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 2006 Publication Rational Animals? Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 371-384  
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  Publisher Oxford University Press Place of Publication Oxford Editor Nudds, M.; Hurley, S.  
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  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4094  
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Author Kamil, A.C. url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title On the Proper Definition of Cognitive Ethology Type (up) Book Chapter
  Year 1998 Publication Animal Cognition in Nature Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-28  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Summary The last 20-30 years have seen two `scientific revolutions' in the study of animal behavior: the cognitive revolution that originated in psychology, and the Darwinian, behavioral ecology revolution that originated in biology. Among psychologists, the cognitive revolution has had enormous impact. Similarly, among biologists, the Darwinian revolution has had enormous impact. The major theme of this chapter is that these two scientific research programs need to be combined into a single approach, simultaneously cognitive and Darwinian, and that this single approach is most appropriately called cognitive ethology.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Academic Press Place of Publication London Editor Russell P. Balda; Irene M. Pepperberg; Alan C. Kamil  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 9780120770304 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4202  
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