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Author Steinhoff, H.J. openurl 
  Title (up) A continuous wave laser T-jump apparatus and its application to chemical reactions in hemoglobin single crystals Type Journal Article
  Year 1988 Publication Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods Abbreviated Journal J Biochem Biophys Methods  
  Volume 15 Issue 6 Pages 319-330  
  Keywords Animals; Chemistry; Crystallization; *Heat; *Hemoglobins; Horses/blood; *Lasers; Methemoglobin; Solutions; Thermodynamics; Thiocyanates  
  Abstract A laser temperature jump apparatus is constructed where the T-jump is achieved by means of the direct absorption of continuous laser radiation of low intensity by a solid sample. The final temperature in the irradiated volume element is reached when the absorbed radiation power equals the dissipation of heat by heat conduction. The time range from the beginning of irradiation to the stationary state depends on the geometry of the irradiated volume element and is less than 10 ms. The heating laser beam is simultaneously used to detect the relaxation to the new chemical equilibrium in the sample. Relaxation processes with relaxation rates between 10(2) s-1 and less than 10(-3) s-1 on samples with volumes less than 10(-3) mm3 may be investigated using this T-jump method. One application of this method is the determination of reaction rates of ligand reactions in hemoglobin single crystals. Rate constants obtained for the reaction of thiocyanate with crystallized horse methemoglobin are presented.  
  Address Institut fur Biophysik, Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, F.R.G  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0165-022X ISBN Medium  
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  Notes PMID:3379245 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 3804  
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Author Ryder, O. A.; Wedemeyer, E. A. openurl 
  Title (up) A cooperative breeding programme for the mongolian wild horse Equus Przewalski in the United States Type Journal Article
  Year 1982 Publication Abbreviated Journal Biol. Cons.  
  Volume 22 Issue Pages 259-271  
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  Notes from Professor Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1540  
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Author Forkman, B.; Boissy, A.; Meunier-Salaün, M.-C.; Canali, E.; Jones, R.B. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A critical review of fear tests used on cattle, pigs, sheep, poultry and horses Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Physiology & Behavior Abbreviated Journal Physiol. Behav.  
  Volume 92 Issue 3 Pages 340-374  
  Keywords Fear; Cattle; Sheep; Pig; Poultry; Horse; Open field; Tonic immobility; Novel object  
  Abstract FORKMAN, B., A., BOISSY, M.-C., SALAUN, E., CANALI, AND R.B., JONES. A critical review of fear tests used on cattle, pigs, sheep, poultry and horses. PHYSIOL. BEHAV. 000-000, 2007. Fear is arguably the most commonly investigated emotion in domestic animals. In the current review we attempt to establish the level of repeatability and validity found for fear tests used on cattle, pigs, sheep and goats, poultry and horses. We focus the review on the three most common types of fear tests: the arena test (open field), the novel object test, and the restraint test. For some tests, e.g. tonic immobility in poultry, there is a good and broad literature on factors that affect the outcome of the test, the validity of the test and its age dependency. However, there are comparatively few of these well defined and validated tests and what is especially missing for most tests is information on the robustness, i.e., what aspects can be changed without affecting the validity of the tests. The relative absence of standardized tests hampers the development of applied ethology as a science.  
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  ISSN 0031-9384 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4811  
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Author Bering, J.M. doi  openurl
  Title (up) A critical review of the “enculturation hypothesis”: the effects of human rearing on great ape social cognition Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Animal Cognition Abbreviated Journal Anim. Cogn.  
  Volume 7 Issue 4 Pages 201-212  
  Keywords Animals; *Cognition; *Culture; Hominidae/*psychology; Humans; *Imitative Behavior; Imprinting (Psychology); *Intention; Macaca; Psychological Theory; Social Behavior; *Social Environment; Species Specificity  
  Abstract Numerous investigators have argued that early ontogenetic immersion in sociocultural environments facilitates cognitive developmental change in human-reared great apes more characteristic of Homo sapiens than of their own species. Such revamping of core, species-typical psychological systems might be manifest, according to this argument, in the emergence of mental representational competencies, a set of social cognitive skills theoretically consigned to humans alone. Human-reared great apes' capacity to engage in “true imitation,” in which both the means and ends of demonstrated actions are reproduced with fairly high rates of fidelity, and laboratory great apes' failure to do so, has frequently been interpreted as reflecting an emergent understanding of intentionality in the former. Although this epigenetic model of the effects of enculturation on social cognitive systems may be well-founded and theoretically justified in the biological literature, alternative models stressing behavioral as opposed to representational change have been largely overlooked. Here I review some of the controversy surrounding enculturation in great apes, and present an alternative nonmentalistic version of the enculturation hypothesis that can also account for enhanced imitative performance on object-oriented problem-solving tasks in human-reared animals.  
  Address Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA. jbering@uark.edu  
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  ISSN 1435-9448 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes PMID:15004739 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2543  
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Author Bolhuis, J.J.; Macphail, E.M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A critique of the neuroecology of learning and memory Type Journal Article
  Year 2001 Publication Trends in Cognitive Sciences Abbreviated Journal Trends. Cognit. Sci.  
  Volume 5 Issue 10 Pages 426-433  
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  Abstract Recent years have seen the emergence of neuroecology, the study of the neural mechanisms of behaviour guided by functional and evolutionary principles. This research has been of enormous value for our understanding of the evolution of brain- and species-specific behaviour. However, we question the validity of the neuroecological approach when applied to the analysis of learning and memory, given its arbitrary assumption that different [`]problems' engage different memory mechanisms. Differences in memory-based performance in [`]natural' tasks do not prove differences in memory capacity; similarly, differences in the use of memory in the natural environment do not provide a sound basis for expecting differences in anatomical structures that subserve learning and memory. This critique is illustrated with examples taken from the study of the neurobiology of food storing and song learning in birds.  
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  ISSN 1364-6613 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4742  
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Author Luescher, U.A.; McKeown, D.B.; Dean, H. openurl 
  Title (up) A cross-sectional study on compulsive behaviour (stable vices) in horses Type Journal Article
  Year 1998 Publication Equine veterinary journal. Supplement Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue 27 Pages 14-18  
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  Notes Cited By (since 1996): 22; Export Date: 21 October 2008 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4527  
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Author Heyes, C.M.; Dawson, G.R. openurl 
  Title (up) A demonstration of observational learning in rats using a bidirectional control Type Journal Article
  Year 1990 Publication Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section B: Comparative and Physiological Psychology Abbreviated Journal Q J Exp Psychol B  
  Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 59-71  
  Keywords appetite; attention; imitation; problem solving; psychomotor performance; Appetitive Behavior; Attention; Imitative Behavior; Problem Solving; Psychomotor Performance  
  Abstract Hungry rats observed a conspecific demonstrator pushing a single manipulandum, a joystick, to the right or to the left for food reward and were then allowed access to the joystick from a different orientation. The effects of right-pushing vs left-pushing observation experience on (1) response acquisition, (2) reversal of a left-right discrimination, and (3) responding in extinction, were examined. Rats that had observed left-pushing made more left responses during acquisition than rats that had observed right-pushing, and rats that had observed demonstrators pushing in the direction that had previously been reinforced took longer to reach criterion reversal and made more responses in extinction than rats that had observed demonstrators pushing in the opposite direction to that previously reinforced. These results provide evidence that rats are capable of learning a response, or a response-reinforcer contingency, through conspecific observation.  
  Address University of Cambridge, U.K.  
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  ISSN 02724995 (Issn) ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Cited By (since 1996): 49; Export Date: 17 May 2007; Source: Scopus; Language of Original Document: English; Correspondence Address: Heyes, C.M. Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1766  
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Author Heyes CM; Dawson GR openurl 
  Title (up) A demonstration of observational learning using a bidirectional control Type Journal Article
  Year 1990 Publication Q. J. Exp. Psychol. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 42 Issue Pages 59  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 3008  
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Author Nakagawa, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A farewell to Bonferroni: the problems of low statistical power and publication bias Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Behav Ecol Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 15 Issue Pages  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Nakagawa2004 Serial 6294  
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Author Nakagawa, S. url  doi
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  Title (up) A farewell to Bonferroni: the problems of low statistical power and publication bias Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Behav Ecol Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 15 Issue Pages  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Nakagawa2004 Serial 6374  
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