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Author (up) Alexander, F.; Davies, M.E. openurl 
  Title Studies on vitamin B12 in the horse Type Journal Article
  Year 1969 Publication The British veterinary journal Abbreviated Journal Br. Vet. J.  
  Volume 125 Issue 4 Pages 169-176  
  Keywords Animals; Biological Assay; Cattle; Chickens; Feces/analysis; Horses/*metabolism; Humans; Lactobacillus/metabolism; Rabbits; Rats; Sheep; Urine/analysis; Vitamin B 12/*analysis  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0007-1935 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:5814055 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 116  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Alexander, F.; Davies, M.E. openurl 
  Title Production and fermentation of lactate by bacteria in the alimentary canal of the horse and pig Type Journal Article
  Year 1963 Publication Journal of comparative pathology Abbreviated Journal J Comp Pathol  
  Volume 73 Issue Pages 1-8  
  Keywords *Fatty Acids; Intestines/*microbiology; *Lactates; *Lactobacillus; *Stomach; *Urea; *Veillonella; *Fatty Acids; *Intestinal Microorganisms; *Lactates; *Lactobacillus; *Stomach; *Urea; *Veillonella  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0021-9975 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:14011947 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 120  
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Author (up) Alexander, F.; Davies, M.E.; Muir, A.R. openurl 
  Title Bacteriophage-like particles in the large intestine of the horse Type Journal Article
  Year 1970 Publication Research in veterinary science Abbreviated Journal Res Vet Sci  
  Volume 11 Issue 6 Pages 592-593  
  Keywords Animals; Bacteriophages/*isolation & purification; Cecum/microbiology; Colon/microbiology  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0034-5288 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:5498578 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 114  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Alexander, F.; Horner, M.W.; Moss, M.S. openurl 
  Title The salivary secretion and clearance in the horse of chloral hydrate and its metabolites Type Journal Article
  Year 1967 Publication Biochemical pharmacology Abbreviated Journal Biochem Pharmacol  
  Volume 16 Issue 7 Pages 1305-1311  
  Keywords Animals; Chloral Hydrate/blood/*metabolism/urine; Chromatography, Gas; Ethanol/blood/urine; Horses; Male; Parotid Gland/metabolism; Saliva/*analysis; Trichloroacetic Acid/blood/urine  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0006-2952 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:6053598 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 118  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Alexander, F.; Macpherson, M.J.D.; Oxford, A.E. openurl 
  Title Fermentative activities of some members of the normal coccal flora of the horse's large intestine Type Journal Article
  Year 1952 Publication Journal of comparative pathology Abbreviated Journal J Comp Pathol  
  Volume 62 Issue 4 Pages 252-259  
  Keywords *Horses; *Intestines; *Streptococcus; *Horses; *Intestines; *Streptococcus  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0021-9975 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:12999997 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 125  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Alexander, F.; Nicholson, J.D. openurl 
  Title The blood and saliva clearances of phenobarbitone and pentobarbitone in the horse Type Journal Article
  Year 1968 Publication Biochemical pharmacology Abbreviated Journal Biochem Pharmacol  
  Volume 17 Issue 2 Pages 203-210  
  Keywords Animals; Female; *Horses; Injections, Intravenous; Male; Metabolic Clearance Rate; Pentobarbital/blood/*metabolism; Phenobarbital/blood/*metabolism; Protein Binding; *Saliva; Time Factors  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0006-2952 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:5647047 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 117  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Alexander, R, MCN et al doi  openurl
  Title Fast locomotion of some african ungulates Type Journal Article
  Year 1977 Publication Journal of Zoology Abbreviated Journal J Zool  
  Volume 183 Issue 3 Pages 291-300  
  Keywords  
  Abstract ABSTRACT

Ten species of ungulate were filmed, galloping in their natural habitat. They ranged in size from Thomson's gazelle (about 20 kg) to giraffe (about 1000 kg). They were pursued to make them run as fast as possible. The films have been analysed to determine speed, stride frequency, stride and step lengths, and duty factors. The dependence of these quantities on body size is discussed.

Summary:

Fast locomotion of zebra, giraffe, warthog and seven species of Bovidae has been studied. The animals were filmed from a pursuing vehicle while galloping in their natural habitat.

Stride frequency was more closely correlated with limb length (represented by hip height) than with body mass. Mean stride frequency was proportional to (hip height)-0·51 and maximum stride frequency to (hip height) -0·63.

Maximum speed was between 10 and 14 m s -1 for all species except buffalo (7 m s -1). It was not significantly correlated with body mass.

Since the small species ran at least as fast as the large ones they attained higher Froude numbers. Relative stride length was approximately 1·8 (Froude number)0·39 for all species, irrespective of size. Relative step length was approximately 0·65 (Froude number)0·2, both for the fore feet and for the hind ones. The vertical forces exerted by the feet are proportional to (body weight)×(Froude number)0·2 so the forces at maximum speed are larger multiples of body weight for small species than for large ones.
 
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  Notes from Prof. Hans Klingels Equine Reference List Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 130  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Alexander, S.L.; Irvine, C.H. url  openurl
  Title The effect of social stress on adrenal axis activity in horses: the importance of monitoring corticosteroid-binding globulin capacity Type Journal Article
  Year 1998 Publication Journal of Endocrinology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 157 Issue 3 Pages 425-432  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Plasma cortisol is largely bound to corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), which regulates its bioavailability by restricting exit from capillaries. Levels of CBG may be altered by several factors including stress and this can influence the amount of cortisol reaching cells. This study investigated the effect of social instability on plasma concentrations of CBG, total and free (not protein bound) cortisol in horses. Horses new to our research herd ('newcomers') were confined in a small yard with four dominant resident horses for 3-4 h daily for 3-4 (n = 5) or 9-14 (n = 3) days. Jugular blood was collected in the mornings from newcomers before the period of stress began ('pre-stress'), and then before each day's stress. Residents were bled before stress on the first and thirteenth day. Residents always behaved aggressively towards newcomers. By the end of the stress period, all newcomers were subordinate to residents. In newcomers (n = 8) after 3-4 days of social stress, CBG binding capacity had fallen (P = 0.0025), while free cortisol concentrations had risen (P = 0.0016) from pre-stress values. In contrast, total cortisol did not change. In residents, CBG had decreased slightly but significantly (P = 0.0162) after 12 days of stress. Residents and newcomers did not differ in pre-stress CBG binding capacity, total or free cortisol concentrations. However, by the second week of stress, CBG binding capacity was lower (P = 0.015) and free cortisol higher (P = 0.030) in newcomers (n = 3) than in residents. Total cortisol did not differ between the groups. In conclusion social stress clearly affected the adrenal axis of subordinate newcomer horses, lowering the binding capacity of CBG and raising free cortisol concentrations. However, no effect of stress could be detected when only total cortisol was measured. Therefore, to assess adrenal axis status accurately in horses, it is essential to monitor the binding capacity of CBG and free cortisol concentrations in addition to total cortisol levels.  
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  Notes 10.1677/joe.0.1570425 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 5844  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Alexandridis, A. openurl 
  Title Pferdgestützte Bewegungstherapie bei Essstörungen Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Mensch und Pferd Abbreviated Journal mup  
  Volume 1 Issue Pages 13-26  
  Keywords Pferdgestütze Bewegungstherapie, Essstörungen, Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, „Binge-Eating“-Störung, Natural Horsemanship  
  Abstract Inhalte und Methoden des Natural Horsemanship (nach Pat Parelli) werden beschrieben
und in der Verbindung mit aktuellen bewegungstherapeutischen Behandlungsmethoden
bei Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa und „Binge-Eating“-Störung dargestellt.
Diese Zusammenführung ergibt eine pferdgestützte bewegungstherapeutische Methode
zur Behandlung von Essstörungen, welche anhand konkreter Praxisbeispiele
beschrieben wird. Der Ausblick auf eine laufende Evaluationsstudie schließt den Artikel
ab.
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 5965  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Allcroft, D. J.; Tolkamp, B. J.; Glasbey, C. A.; Kyriazakis, I. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The importance of `memory' in statistical models for animal feeding behaviour Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Behavioural Processes Abbreviated Journal Behav. Process.  
  Volume 67 Issue 1 Pages 99-109  
  Keywords Cow; Feeding data; Bouts; Memory; Satiety; Latent structure; Model comparison  
  Abstract We investigate models for animal feeding behaviour, with the aim of improving understanding of how animals organise their behaviour in the short term. We consider three classes of model: hidden Markov, latent Gaussian and semi-Markov. Each can predict the typical `clustered' feeding behaviour that is generally observed, however they differ in the extent to which `memory' of previous behaviour is allowed to affect future behaviour. The hidden Markov model has `lack of memory', the current behavioural state being dependent on the previous state only. The latent Gaussian model assumes feeding/non-feeding periods to occur by the thresholding of an underlying continuous variable, thereby incorporating some `short-term memory'. The semi-Markov model, by taking into account the duration of time spent in the previous state, can be said to incorporate `longer-term memory'. We fit each of these models to a dataset of cow feeding behaviour. We find the semi-Markov model (longer-term memory) to have the best fit to the data and the hidden Markov model (lack of memory) the worst. We argue that in view of effects of satiety on short-term feeding behaviour of animal species in general, biologically suitable models should allow `memory' to play a role. We conclude that our findings are equally relevant for the analysis of other types of short-term behaviour that are governed by satiety-like principles.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2350  
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