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Author (up) Aldezabal, A.; Garin, I. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Browsing preference of feral goats (Capra hircus L.) in a Mediterranean mountain scrubland Type Journal Article
  Year 2000 Publication J Arid Env Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 44 Issue Pages  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Aldezabal2000 Serial 6256  
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Author (up) Aldridge, B.; Lescun, T.; Radcliffe, J.S. pdf  openurl
  Title Recent Molecular Advances in Equine Nutrition – from Test Tube to Practice Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication Proceedings of the 2. International Equine Science Meeting Abbreviated Journal Proc. 2. Int. Equine. Sci. Mtg  
  Volume in press Issue Pages  
  Keywords Molecular Biology, Equine, Gut  
  Abstract The use of molecular techniques has increased our understanding of biological systems; in particular how genes and proteins operate within a cell or organ in response to various stimuli. These techniques can be used to study modes of action or mechanisms in disease states, or in response to applied management or nutritional changes. While applied and basic research are often conducted independent of one another, the real advantages to the equine industry will come from the use of molecular techniques to address applied challenges and/or opportunities within the industry. Therefore, the overall goal of our research has been to use basic and molecular tools to investigate modes of action resulting from changes in nutrition or management. We investigated active nutrient transport capacities of the small and large intestine, the effects of feed withdrawal on intestinal transporter gene expression and function, as well as other measurements pertaining to gut health (gut barrier function and gastrointestinal morphology). This novel and thorough approach to characterize sectional differences (fore- and hind- gut) of nutrient absorption has resulted in quantitative measures of active transport capacity for glucose, phosphorus, glutamine, lysine, and di-peptides in the horse. This research demonstrates that by-products of fermentation in the cecum such as microbial proteins and hydrolyzed phytate phosphorus, can be absorbed in the colon. Previously unidentified in the hindgut of the horse, we reported the expression of the di-and tri-peptide transporter, PepT1, as well as the neutral amino acid transporter, ASCT2, and transport of their substrates. We observed that nutrient transporters for glucose (SGLT1), glutamine (ASCT2) and for di-peptides (PepT1) can be regulated by diet, implying biological relevance to feeding management strategies. Feed withdrawal in horses pre- or post-surgery, prior to or during horse shows, during transport, or for other management reason is common. It is therefore important to understand how the removals of nutrients impacts gut health and/or disease susceptibility. The use of molecular techniques has provided a basis for the roles of certain core nutrients during times of feed withdrawal. For example, nutrients such as glutamine play a major role in proliferation and repair in the gut, serve as a major energy substrate, and may provide a means of assessing nutritional stress in the gut. Recent data concludes that following a feed withdrawal, the need for glutamine increases up to 116% in the proximal jejunum, and the gene expression of its transporter (ASCT2) increases by 78%. Additional studies utilizing molecular techniques to address nutritional challenges in the horse include how hormone loss due to ovariectomization impacts the homeostatic regulation of calcium and phosphorus in the horse. To improve nutrition and feeding management practices in horses, knowledge regarding how and where nutrients are absorbed, utilized and regulated under varying physiologic stressors (disease, exercise, reproductive status, etc.) is needed. The integration of applied and basic research facilitates a better and more complete understanding of mechanisms underlying common health and nutritional challenges facing the equine industry.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Aldridge, B. Thesis  
  Publisher Xenophon Publishing Place of Publication Wald Editor Krueger, K.;  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-3-9808134-26 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 5575  
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Author (up) Alexander, B.K.; Bowers, J.M. openurl 
  Title Social organization of a troop of Japanese monkeys in a two-acre enclosure Type Journal Article
  Year 1969 Publication Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology Abbreviated Journal Folia Primatol (Basel)  
  Volume 10 Issue 3 Pages 230-242  
  Keywords Animals; *Behavior, Animal; *Haplorhini; Leadership; *Social Behavior  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0015-5713 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:4976202 Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 2055  
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Author (up) Alexander, D.J. openurl 
  Title Ecological aspects of influenza A viruses in animals and their relationship to human influenza: a review Type Journal Article
  Year 1982 Publication Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine Abbreviated Journal J R Soc Med  
  Volume 75 Issue 10 Pages 799-811  
  Keywords Animals; *Animals, Domestic; Bird Diseases/transmission; Birds; Disease Outbreaks; Ecology; Horse Diseases/transmission; Horses; Humans; Influenza A virus/genetics/isolation & purification; Influenza, Human/microbiology/*transmission/veterinary; Swine; Swine Diseases/transmission; Zoonoses/transmission  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0141-0768 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:6752410 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2689  
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Author (up) ALEXANDER, F openurl 
  Title Digestion in the horse Type Journal Article
  Year 1963 Publication Zoologische Garten Abbreviated Journal Zool. Garten.  
  Volume Issue Pages 259-268  
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  Notes <a href=“http://references.equine-behaviour.de/klingel.htm”>from Prof. Hans Klingels Equine Reference List</a> Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 636  
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Author (up) Alexander, F. openurl 
  Title Effect of phenylbutazone on electrolyte metabolism in ponies Type Journal Article
  Year 1982 Publication The Veterinary record Abbreviated Journal Vet. Rec.  
  Volume 110 Issue 12 Pages 271-272  
  Keywords Animals; Chlorides/metabolism; Electrolytes/*metabolism; Horses/*metabolism; Male; Phenylbutazone/*pharmacology; Sodium/metabolism  
  Abstract Phenylbutazone administered in therapeutic doses to ponies decreased urinary sodium and chloride excretion. The volume and osmolality of the urine was unaffected as was potassium excretion. Faecal excretion of chloride decreased and that of potassium increased, while faecal sodium excretion was unaffected. Plasma pH, bicarbonate and total carbon dioxide decreased after phenylbutazone administration. Packed cell volume, plasma sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide tension and chloride were unchanged.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0042-4900 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:7080416 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 109  
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Author (up) Alexander, F. openurl 
  Title The effect of some anti-diarrhoeal drugs on intestinal transit and faecal excretion of water and electrolytes in the horse Type Journal Article
  Year 1978 Publication Equine veterinary journal Abbreviated Journal Equine Vet J  
  Volume 10 Issue 4 Pages 229-234  
  Keywords Animals; Antidiarrheals/*pharmacology; Atropine/pharmacology; Electrolytes/*analysis/urine; Feces/*analysis; Gastrointestinal Motility/*drug effects; Horses/*metabolism/physiology; Loperamide/pharmacology; Male; Meperidine/pharmacology; Morphine/pharmacology; Opium/pharmacology; Water/*analysis  
  Abstract The effect of morphine, Tinct. opii, loperamide, pethidine and atropine on intestinal transit and the faecal and urinary excretion of water and electrolytes was studied in ponies. The rate of passage of a particulate marker was slowed by morphine, hastened then slowed by loperamide and Tinct. opii, and hastened by atropine. The liquid marker was slowed by Tinct. opii and hastened then slowed by the other drugs. Only loperamide decreased the faecal sodium excretion. This drug also decreased faecal water and weight; it appeared worthy of clinical trial in diarrhoea. Tinct. opii decreased by morphine, pethidine and atropine increased faecal water.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0425-1644 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:738263 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 110  
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Author (up) Alexander, F. openurl 
  Title The effect of diuretics on the faecal excretion of water and electrolytes in horses Type Journal Article
  Year 1977 Publication British journal of pharmacology Abbreviated Journal Br J Pharmacol  
  Volume 60 Issue 4 Pages 589-593  
  Keywords Animals; Body Water/*metabolism; Chlorides/metabolism; Electrolytes/*metabolism; Feces/*analysis; Furosemide/*pharmacology; Horses; Hydrochlorothiazide/*pharmacology; Male; Potassium/metabolism; Sodium/metabolism; Time Factors  
  Abstract 1. The effect on plasma, urinary and faecal electrolytes of frusemide and hydrochlorthiazide was measured in ponies, mean weight 180 kg. 2. The rapid loss in urine of large quantities of sodium had only a small effect on plasma sodium concentration. 3. Faecal sodium excretion was increased substantially after the administration of frusemide. 4. Frusemide increased faecal potassium during the 48 h following administration and faecal water in the 24/48 h period. It also produced a hypopotassaemia. 5. Hydrochlorthiazide increased faecal chloride during the 24 h after administration. 6. Frusemide increased the intestinal transit time of both liquid (polyethylene glycol) and particulate (Cr2O3) markers.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0007-1188 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:907872 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 111  
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Author (up) Alexander, F. openurl 
  Title Multiple fistulation of the horse's large intestine Type Journal Article
  Year 1970 Publication The British veterinary journal Abbreviated Journal Br. Vet. J.  
  Volume 126 Issue 11 Pages 604-606  
  Keywords Animals; Cecum/physiology; Colon/physiology; Horses/*physiology; Intestinal Fistula; Intestine, Large/*physiology; *Intubation, Gastrointestinal; Methods  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0007-1935 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:5492494 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 115  
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Author (up) Alexander, F. openurl 
  Title A study of parotid salivation in the horse Type Journal Article
  Year 1966 Publication The Journal of physiology Abbreviated Journal J Physiol  
  Volume 184 Issue 3 Pages 646-656  
  Keywords Animals; Atropine/*pharmacology; Bicarbonates/metabolism; Calcium/metabolism; Chlorides/metabolism; Horses; Mastication/*physiology; Parotid Gland/*physiology; Pilocarpine/*pharmacology; Potassium/metabolism; Salivation/*drug effects; Sodium/metabolism; Tetracaine/*pharmacology  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0022-3751 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:5963737 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 119  
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