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Author (up) Capela, R.; Sousa, C.; Pena, I.; Caeiro, V. openurl 
  Title Preliminary note on the distribution and ecology of Culicoides imicola in Portugal Type Journal Article
  Year 1993 Publication Medical and Veterinary Entomology Abbreviated Journal Med Vet Entomol  
  Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 23-26  
  Keywords Animals; *Ceratopogonidae; Ecology; Population Density; Portugal  
  Abstract Data on Culicoides imicola were obtained during studies carried out during the recent outbreak of African horse sickness in Portugal. The previous most northerly published record of C. imicola in Portugal was 38 degrees 40'N (Pegoes). In the present work the geographical distribution of this species is extended to the parallel of 41 degrees 17'N. We have also confirmed the continuous presence of adult C. imicola in Southern Portugal (Alentejo and Algarve) throughout the year. In the laboratory we obtained this species from a sample of cattle faeces and from another of soil contaminated with animal excreta. In relation to host association 57.37% of C. imicola were trapped in the vicinity of pigsties. Finally, we collected 11,463 Culicoides of which 12.47% were C. imicola.  
  Address Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0269-283X ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:8435485 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 2666  
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