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Author Graham, M.; Letz, R. doi  openurl
  Title Within-species variation in the development of ultrasonic signaling of preweanling rats Type Journal Article
  Year 1979 Publication Developmental Psychobiology Abbreviated Journal Dev Psychobiol  
  Volume 12 Issue 2 Pages 129-136  
  Keywords Animals; *Animals, Newborn; Animals, Suckling; Body Weight; Cold/adverse effects; Environment; Genotype; Individuality; Object Attachment; Rats; Stress/*physiopathology; Ultrasonics; *Vocalization, Animal  
  Abstract The development of litter and individual differences in the rate of ultrasonic signaling of neonatal rats was studied. Systematic variations among litters and individuals emerged, without differential treatment. These differences were not correlated with variations in general development as indexed by body weight. Two experiments using a cross-fostering design showed that litter differences developed independently of variations in postnatal environment. These results indicate that the variations among litters in ultrasound rate have a prenatal, possibly genetic, etiology and may represent reliable indicants of response to environmental stress.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0012-1630 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:456751 Approved no  
  Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 4172  
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