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Author Van Schaik, C.P.; Burkart, J.M.
Title Social learning and evolution: the cultural intelligence hypothesis Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Philos Trans R Soc B Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 366 Issue Pages
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Van Schaik2011 Serial 6227
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Author Emery, N.J.; Clayton, N.S.; Frith, C.D.
Title Introduction. Social intelligence: from brain to culture Type Journal Article
Year 2007 Publication Philos Trans R Soc B Abbreviated Journal Philos Trans R Soc B
Volume (down) 362 Issue Pages
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Emery2007 Serial 6302
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Author Chapron, G.; Kaczensky, P.; Linnell, J.D.C.; Arx, M.; Huber, D.; Andrén, H.
Title Recovery of large carnivores in Europe's modern human-dominated landscapes Type Journal Article
Year 2014 Publication Science Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 346 Issue Pages
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Chapron2014 Serial 6451
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Author Ripple, W.J.; Estes, J.A.; Beschta, R.L.; Wilmers, C.C.; Ritchie, E.G.; Hebblewhite, M.
Title Status and ecological effects of the world's largest carnivores Type Journal Article
Year 2014 Publication Science Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 343 Issue Pages
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Ripple2014 Serial 6445
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Author Chapron, G.; Treves, A.
Title Blood does not buy goodwill: allowing culling increases poaching of a large carnivore Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Proc Biol Sci Abbreviated Journal Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B
Volume (down) 283 Issue 1830 Pages
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Abstract Quantifying environmental crime and the effectiveness of policy interventions is difficult because perpetrators typically conceal evidence. To prevent illegal uses of natural resources, such as poaching endangered species, governments have advocated granting policy flexibility to local authorities by liberalizing culling or hunting of large carnivores. We present the first quantitative evaluation of the hypothesis that liberalizing culling will reduce poaching and improve population status of an endangered carnivore. We show that allowing wolf (Canis lupus) culling was substantially more likely to increase poaching than reduce it. Replicated, quasi-experimental changes in wolf policies in Wisconsin and Michigan, USA, revealed that a repeated policy signal to allow state culling triggered repeated slowdowns in wolf population growth, irrespective of the policy implementation measured as the number of wolves killed. The most likely explanation for these slowdowns was poaching and alternative explanations found no support. When the government kills a protected species, the perceived value of each individual of that species may decline; so liberalizing wolf culling may have sent a negative message about the value of wolves or acceptability of poaching. Our results suggest that granting management flexibility for endangered species to address illegal behaviour may instead promote such behaviour.
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 6379
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Author Benson-Amram, S.; Holekamp, K.E.
Title Innovative problem solving by wild spotted hyenas Type Journal Article
Year 2012 Publication Proc R Soc B Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 279 Issue Pages
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Benson-Amram2012 Serial 6266
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Author Briefer, E.F.; Padilla de la Torre, M.; McElligott, A.G.
Title Mother goats do not forget their kids' calls Type Journal Article
Year 2012 Publication Proc R Soc B Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 279 Issue Pages
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Briefer2012 Serial 6282
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Author Liberg, O.; Chapron, G.; Wabakken, P.; Pedersen, H.C.; Hobbs, N.T.; Sand, H.
Title Shoot, shovel and shut up: cryptic poaching slows restoration of a large carnivore in Europe Type Journal Article
Year 2012 Publication Proc Biol Sci Abbreviated Journal Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B
Volume (down) 279 Issue 1730 Pages 910-915
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Abstract Poaching is a widespread and well-appreciated problem for the conservation of many threatened species. Because poaching is illegal, there is strong incentive for poachers to conceal their activities, and consequently, little data on the effects of poaching on population dynamics are available. Quantifying poaching mortality should be a required knowledge when developing conservation plans for endangered species but is hampered by methodological challenges. We show that rigorous estimates of the effects of poaching relative to other sources of mortality can be obtained with a hierarchical state-space model combined with multiple sources of data. Using the Scandinavian wolf (Canis lupus) population as an illustrative example, we show that poaching accounted for approximately half of total mortality and more than two-thirds of total poaching remained undetected by conventional methods, a source of mortality we term as 'cryptic poaching'. Our simulations suggest that without poaching during the past decade, the population would have been almost four times as large in 2009. Such a severe impact of poaching on population recovery may be widespread among large carnivores. We believe that conservation strategies for large carnivores considering only observed data may not be adequate and should be revised by including and quantifying cryptic poaching.
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Serial 6380
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Author Zohary, D.; Tchernov, E.; Horwitz, L.K.
Title The role of unconscious selection in the domestication of sheep and goats Type Journal Article
Year 1998 Publication J Zool Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 245 Issue Pages
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Zohary1998 Serial 6240
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Author Kruska, D.
Title The effect of domestication on brain size and composition in the mink (Mustela vison) Type Journal Article
Year 1996 Publication J Zool Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 239 Issue Pages
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Call Number Equine Behaviour @ team @ Kruska1996 Serial 6234
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